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窒息

2021-07-16 12:27:31

窒息(英语:asphyxia)在医学上,是人体严重缺氧的一个状况。它的成因很多,严重可导致死亡。在急救上的定义为“气道遭外来物件阻塞而无法呼吸”。在法医学上则指因缺氧而死亡,窒息是紧急医疗状况,窒息也是烧炭自杀者的死因。

成因

资料专题:窒息成因

症状

资料专题:窒息症状

参看

  • 自缢
  • 绞刑
  • 阿贝芬矿难英语Aberfan disaster,超过140名死者死因为外呼吸道被煤炭泥浆堵住而窒息

参考文献

  1. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators.Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.. Lancet. 8 October 2016,388(10053): 1545–1602.PMC5055577.PMID27733282.doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6.
  2. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators.Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.. Lancet. 8 October 2016,388(10053): 1459–1544.PMC5388903.PMID27733281.doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31012-1.
  3. 《Knight's Forensic Pathology》,第三版,第352页
  4. 《Knight's Forensic Pathology》,第三版,第360页
  5. Reuter F. 1933. Lehrbuch der gerichtlichen Medizin. Urban and Schwarzenberg, Berlin.
  6. Brouardel P. 1897. La pendaison, la strangulation, la suffocation, la submersion. Bailliere, Paris.
  7. Adelson L. 1974. The pathology of homicide: a vade mecum for pathologist, prosecutor and defense counsel. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia.
  8. Gordon I, Mansfield RA. 1955. Subpleural, subpericardial and subendocardial haemorrhages: a study of their incidence at autopsy and of the spontaneous development after death of subepicardial petechiae. J Forensic Med 2:31–50.
  9. 《Practical Homicide Investigation - Tactics, Procedures and Forensic Techniques》,第四版,第345页
  10. Mole RH. 1948. Fibrinolysin and the fluidity of the blood postmortem. J Pathol Bacteriol 60:413–17.

延伸阅读

外部链接

资料专题:窒息外部链接